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However, how can you create a system Which Has a decentralized ledger How do you give someone the ability to upgrade the ledger without giving them a lot of powerin case they become corrupt or negligent in their work
Well, Bitcoins rulesalso known as the Bitcoin protocolsolves this in a Really creative manner I love to phone Who Wants to Be a Banker
In a nutshell, anyone who wants to take part in updating the ledger of Bitcoin transactions, known as the blockchain, can do so. Whatever you need is to suppose a random number that solves an equation generated by the system. Sounds simple, right
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Obviously, this guessing is all done by your computer. The more powerful your computer is, the more guesses you can create in a second, increasing your chances of winning this game. If you manage to figure right, you earn bitcoins and have to write the next page of Bitcoin transactions on the blockchain. .
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1. Once your mining computer comes up with the ideal suspect, your mining system determines which of these current pending transactions will be grouped together into the next block of transactions. Compiling this block represents the moment of glory, as youve now become a temporary banker of Bitcoin who has to upgrade the Bitcoin transaction ledger known as the blockchain. .
2. The block youve generated, along with your solution, is sent to the entire network so other computers can validate it. Its somewhat much like some Rubiks cube: The solution is quite tough to achieve but very easy to validate.
3. Each computer that validates your solution updates its copy of this Bitcoin transaction ledger together with the transactions that you chose to include in the cube.
4. The system generates a fixed amount of bitcoins (currently 12.5) and rewards them as compensation for time and energy you spent solving the math problem.
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5. Additionally, you get paid any transaction fees that were attached to the transactions you inserted into the next block.
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6. All the transactions in the block youve only entered are now confirmed from the Bitcoin network and therefore are virtually irreversible.
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So thats Bitcoin mining in a nutshell. Its called mining because of the fact that this procedure helps mine new Bitcoins from the system. But if you think about it, the mining component is just a by-product of the transaction confirmation process. Therefore that the name is somewhat misleading, since the main objective of mining is to maintain the ledger in a decentralized manner. .
As you can imagine, since mining is based on a form of guessing, for each block, a different miner will guess the number and be granted the right to upgrade the blockchain. Of course, the miners with more computing power will succeed more often, but on account of the law of statistical probability, its highly unlikely that the exact same miner will succeed every time. .
Now you know what Bitcoin mining is, you may be thinking, Cool! Free money! Where do I sign up Well, not so fast
Satoshi Nakamoto, who invented Bitcoin, crafted the rules for mining in a manner that the further mining power the network gets, the harder it is to guess the answer to the mining math problem. Therefore the difficulty of the mining method is really self-adjusting to the gathered mining power the network owns. .
If more miners join, it will get more difficult to address the issue; if many of them drop off, it is going to get easier. This is known as mining issue.
Now, remember, this is on average. We can have two blocks being inserted minute after minute and then wait an hour to the next block. In the long run, this may even out to ten minutes on average.
As you can imagine, this kind of self-adjusting mechanism has created a type of arms race to get the most efficient and powerful miners as soon as possible.
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When Bitcoin first started out, there werent a great deal of miners on the market. In fact, Satoshi, the inventor of Bitcoin, and also his friend Hal Finney were a few the only people mining Bitcoin back at the time using their own personal computers.
Using your CPU (central processing unityour computers brain and an integrated component in any computer) was enough for mining Bitcoin back in 2009, since mining issue was low. Since Bitcoin important source started to catch on, folks looked for more powerful mining solutions.