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But just how can you create a system that has a decentralized ledger How do you give someone the ability to update the ledger without giving them a lot of powerin case they become corrupt or negligent in their work
Well, Bitcoins rulesalso known as the Bitcoin protocolsolves this in a Really creative manner I like to call Who Wants to Be a Banker
In short, anyone who wants to take part in updating the ledger of all Bitcoin transactions, known as the blockchain, can do this. All you need is to suppose a random number that solves an equation generated by the system. Sounds easy, right
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Obviously, this guessing is done by your computer. The stronger your computer is, the further guesses you can make in a second, increasing your chances of winning this game. If you manage to figure correctly, you earn bitcoins and have to write the next page of Bitcoin transactions on the blockchain. .
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1. Once your mining pc comes up with the right suspect, your mining system determines which of these current pending transactions will be grouped together into the next block of transactions. Compiling this cube represents the moment of glory, as youve now become a temporary banker of Bitcoin who has to update the Bitcoin transaction ledger known as the blockchain. .
2. The block youve generated, along with the solution, is sent to the whole network so other computers can validate it. Its somewhat similar to some Rubiks cube: The solution is very hard to attain but very easy to validate.
3. Every computer that validates your solution updates its copy of this Bitcoin transaction ledger together with the transactions you opted to include in the cube.
4. The system generates a predetermined amount of bitcoins (currently 12.5) and benefits them as compensation for time and energy you spent solving the math problem.
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5. Additionally, you get paid any transaction fees which were attached to the transactions you inserted into the next block.
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6. Each of the transactions in the cube youve only entered are now confirmed from the Bitcoin network and are virtually irreversible.
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Therefore thats Bitcoin mining in a nutshell. Its called mining because of the fact that this process helps mine new Bitcoins from the computer system. But if you think about it, the mining component is merely a by-product of this transaction confirmation procedure. Therefore that the name is somewhat misleading, since the main objective of mining would be to maintain the ledger in a decentralized manner. .
As you can imagine, since mining is based on a type of guessing, for every block, a different miner will suppose the number and be granted the right to upgrade the blockchain. Obviously, that the miners with computing power will succeed more often, but on account of the regulation of statistical probability, its highly unlikely that the exact same miner will succeed each time. .
Now that you know what Bitcoin mining is, you might be thinking, Cool! Free money! Where do I sign up Well, not so fast
Satoshi Nakamoto, who invented Bitcoin, crafted the rules for mining in a way that the more mining power the network has, the harder it is to imagine the answer to the mining mathematics issue. Therefore that the difficulty of this mining process is actually self-adjusting into the gathered mining capability the network owns. .
If more miners join, it will get harder to solve the problem; when many of them fall off, it is going investigate this site to get easier. This is known as mining difficulty.
Now, remember, this is on average. We can have two blocks being inserted minute after minute and then wait an hour for the next block. In the long run, this may even out to ten minutes on average.
As you can imagine, this kind of self-adjusting mechanism has made a sort of arms race to acquire the most efficient and powerful miners as soon as possible.
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When Bitcoin first started out, there werent a great deal of miners on the market. In reality, Satoshi, the inventor of Bitcoin, and also his friend Hal Finney were a few the only people mining Bitcoin back at the time with their own personal computers.
Using your CPU (central processing unityour computers brain and an integrated component in any computer) was enough for mining Bitcoin back in 2009, since mining difficulty was low. Since Bitcoin started to catch on, folks looked for more potent mining solutions.